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Week In Review

By La-Vaughnda A. Taylor Edited by Elissa D. Hecker

Below, for your browsing convenience, the categories are divided into: Entertainment, Arts, Sports, Media/Technology, and General News:


Lifting Spirits a Bit, as Most Stages Remain Dark

Hundreds of freelancers are getting $1,000 relief payments from the Public Theatre, a leading Off Broadway nonprofit. The "financial relief payments" have been given to 368 people, including technicians and crew members, such as carpenters, truck drivers, engineers and programmers, teaching artists who facilitate classes, workshops and talkbacks; and members of working groups that support developing artists.

Astor-White v. Strong

The Ninth Circuit has affirmed a 2(b)(6) dismissal of copyright claims against the TV show "Empire". Astor-White claimed that the defendants' (Fox) television series "Empire" infringed his copyrighted treatment of a television series, "King Solomon". The Court held that Astor-White did not adequately allege actual copying. "King Solomon" was not "widely disseminated", it was only shared with three people. The mere allegation that those three people and he had a "working relationship" with or "move[ed] in similar circles" as Fox does not establish that Fox has a "reasonable opportunity or reasonable possibility of viewing" "King Solomon". Astor-White also failed to plausibly allege that Fox unlawfully appropriated "King Solomon", because the works did not share similarities in protectable expression. The district court correctly concluded as part of the extrinsic test that the two works only shared unprotectable "ideas and concepts, material in the public domain, and scenes á faire."

Trio Charged with Leaking Movies Online in Global Ring

Three men are facing federal charges of participating in an international piracy ring that distributed popular movies and television shows online before their release dates. In an attempt to take down the elite global piracy ring Sparks Group, U.S. officials have charged three men with copyright infringement. It is estimated that the Sparks Group cost film production studios tens of millions of dollars.

Ties to Racial Killing Lead to Firing at Hot97

Employees of the radio station said they were shocked to see a colleague known as Paddy Duke in a new HBO documentary about the racist murder of a Brooklyn teenager in 1989. It turns out that Duke (Pasquale Raucci) as a teenager was one of eight young men charged in the 1989 killing of Yusef K. Hawkins, a Black 16-year-old in Brooklyn. Hawkins's murder, along with the Central Park jogger case, came to represent a brutal period of racism and violence in the city and is the subject of a new HBO documentary, "Yusuf Hawkins: Storm Over Brooklyn", which led to the revelation. Raucci, now 50, was quickly fired. The company sent an email to staffers that said no one "was aware of this situation until the airing of the HBO documentary," and noted the immediate "adverse business impact and damage to our reputation." Still, many listeners, along with employees past and present, were left feeling betrayed and confused by the news, which came amid a summer of national uproar regarding unjust killings of Black people and a struggle over how best to move forward.

TikTok Stars Facing Charges After Hosting House Parties

Blake Gray and Bryce Hall, two TikTok starts, were charged with misdemeanors last week after holding two large house parties in defiance of local health orders. Los Angeles is taking action against people who host parties in the middle of the coronavirus pandemic. The pair could face up to a year in jail and a fine of up to $2,000.

A Storied Paris Theatre Fires Its Artistic Director

After Ruth Mackenzie was accused of bullying employees, the Théatre du Chatelet said she would no longer lead the prestigious venue. She broke boundaries as the artistic director of the theatre, one of Paris' most famous stages. In 2017, she became the first woman to run the theatre, which opened in 1862. Shortly after she took office, the theatre closed for a two-and-a-half-year, $35 million renovation, and Mackenzie used that time to reinvent the institution. When it reopened last fall, the revamped programming made headlines and appealed to new audiences. Although Mackenzie's time at the theatre was not without problems, she denies the accusation of bullying. The Board dismissed her with immediate effect and she is seeking legal advice to challenge the decision.


Actors' Equity Aprroves Three Indoor Shows

Actors' Equity has agreed to allow its members to work on three shows that will run in repertory at the Weathervane Theatre in the White Mountains region of New Hampshire, as well as in a one-man show at Music Theatre of Connecticut, and a one-woman show at Northern Stage in Vermont. Among them is a seven-person, socially distanced staging of "Little Shop of Horrors". All three venues have agreed to provide COVID-19 testing regularly, in addition to reducing audience capacity for social distancing and high-quality air filtration systems. The Weathervane productions will be modified slightly, with the orchestra not having any wind or brass instruments in the band to avoid the spread of the virus. While masks will only be required for patrons when not in their seats at the Weathervane, they are required at all times for the solo shows.

Trouble At Home for Detroit Museum

Critics say that the Institute of Arts is not doing enough to relate to the predominately Black city in which it is located or to the people of color on its staff. The Detroit Institute of Arts had just avoided selling off parts of its collection to help pay the debts of the city that owned it. It also recently established a new independent ownership structure, new revenue streams, and a new director. However, five years in, and at a time when museum leaders across the country are being challenged on whether their institutions are systemically racist, few are confronting as many thorny issues as this one. Current and former staff have called for the resignation of the director, complaining that he has developed a corrosive, authoritarian manner while retaining a certain obtuseness on matters of race in a city that is predominately Black. There are also concerns that he has flouted ethics rules; complaints have been filed with state and federal regulators. While there are many critics, there are also some Black leaders from Detroit who suggest his critics are unfair and overlooking the many steps he has taken to reach out to their community.

The Met is Almost Ready for You

With more protocols in place, the nation's largest museum is reopening. After five months of closure due to the coronavirus outbreak, the Metropolitan Museum of Art (Met) is finally ready to open its doors again, but with some changes. Exhibits too small to allow for social distancing will be closed to visitors, timed tickets will be scanned by hand-held devices, and for the first time, there will be valet parking for bicycles, since many people are avoiding mass transit. Most notably, the museum will now mainly be a New York institution, given the pandemic's ongoing travel restrictions. Like all New York museums that are reopening, the Met also has to play by the state's rules, namely 25% occupancy, timed ticketing, and masks. It will also require visitors to have their temperatures taken before entry.

Whitney Cancels Show Over Art Deals

The Whitney Museum of American Art last week canceled an upcoming exhibition after artists of color objected to the institution's having obtained their works through discounted sales largely meant to benefit racial justice charities. For an exhibition entitled "Collective Actions: Artist Interventions In a time of Change", the vaunted NY museum managed to alienate a group of artists it had hoped to celebrate. Several of them charged the museum with propagating systemic racism by not properly compensating Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) artists for their works, nor asking permission for the works to be displayed. The exhibition, originally scheduled to open on September 17th, was intended to showcase the critical role of artists in documenting moments of seismic change and protest, according to a now-deleted press release. Negative reaction was quick and widespread.

Union Files Complaint Over Virus App

New York City's largest municipal union has filed an unfair labor practice complaint against the Museum of Natural History over the institution's plan to require employees to record possible coronavirus symptoms on an app. The head of the union called it overly intrusive. Under the museum's plan, each day before work, the app would have asked employees to report if they had a fever or systems, like a cough or congestion. The app would have told employees whether they were cleared to work or, if not, where they might get tested for the virus. The results would then be reported to their employer. Many of the union's members saw the app, called ProtectWell, as an invasion of privacy and objected to the museum choosing a program whose data was not protected by HIPAA, the federal law on patient privacy.

Reopening to a World That Has Changed

After being closed for 163 days by the coronavirus pandemic, the British Museum last week become the last of Europe's major museums to welcome back visitors. Apart from the pandemic safety changes, the museum has also made some more permanent changes. The museum's director has said that the events surrounding the killing of George Floyd by Minneapolis police made him want to intensify the museum's work addressing its links with slavery and colonialism. The museum made two main changes for the reopening. The first was moving a bust of Hans Sloane - a physician and collector of curiosities whose holdings formed the basis of the museum when it was founded in 1753 - from a plinth in a prominent gallery to a display case. Now he is labeled as a "slave owner". The vitrine contains other objects related to Britain's involvement in the slave trade. The second move was the creation of a guided route around the museum called "Collecting and Empire", with plaques that explain how certain items had made their way into the museum. The changes he announced may seem small, but they caused a stir in Britain last week, angering some traditionalists.


Black Ex-Players See Bias in Payouts

Two retired players have accused the National Football League (NFL) of "explicitly and deliberately" discriminating against hundreds if not thousands of Black players who filed dementia-related claims in the landmark concussion settlement reached in 2013, making it harder for them to qualify for payouts worth as much as $3 million. In two legal actions filed in U.S. District Court in Philadelphia, the players asked that the judge stop the NFL from insisting that race-based benchmarks be used to evaluate the players' claims. They also asked that the scores on Black players' neurocognitive exams be calculated using "race-neutral" scales that would put them on an even footing with white players. The allegations of systematic discrimination are the latest and perhaps most damning criticism of the settlement, which has been stung by delays, predatory lenders, accusations of fraud, and a lack of transparency since players began filing claims four years ago. It is unclear what percentage of Black players have had their dementia claims denied compared to white ex-players, because the settlement administrator does not publish data on the race of applicants.

New Harassment Claims Made Against Washington NFL Team

After new harassment claims, Dan Snyder vows more oversight of Washington's NFL Team. Twenty-five women alleged instances of workplace harassment in a new report that charged the NFL owner with involvement in producing a lewd video and propositioning a cheerleader.

With Walkouts, National Basketball Association Players Jolt Pro Sports

Last week, the National Basketball Association (NBA) and Major League Soccer (MLS) and the Western & Southern Open tennis tournament halted for a day and canceled games in protest of the latest shooting of a Black man by police. Never before had the world of sports spoken so emphatically. The timing was unmistakably significant and the athlete walkouts were set starkly against a Trumpian vision presented at the Republican National Convention. No longer is sports offering a gentrified protest, with league-endorsed slogans on basketball jerseys. The athletes took action. This shattered the bubble of normalcy that had settled upon the NBA and its fans, who watched happily from home as a pandemic and protests raged. Jaylen Brown, Sterling Brown, and LeBron James have spoken out, like so many of their NBA compatriots, and are part of an emboldened generation of Black athletes, a vanguard challenging America's norms in numbers never seen before. At the very same time, the Republican National Convention represented and embraced an entirely different vision - one nostalgic for the past, wary of change, and angry for an entirely different reason.

Stanford Athletics Was a Family, Until It Wasn't

As a result of the coronavirus, Stanford cut teams and Olympic hopefuls all over the U.S. feel a chill. They fear that if Stanford, which has deep resources and a reputation as a factory for Olympians, can't maintain its sports programs amid the pandemic, then no one can. After being told that Stanford athletics was a family, many student athletes were blindsided when the university abruptly announced that it was cutting men's volleyball and 10 other teams - nearly one third of Stanford's 36 varsity programs. The last seasons of those sports would be in 2020-21, if the pandemic allows, and Stanford said there would be no chance of saving the teams through fund-raising.

Basketball Resumes, With Plans Beyond the Court

NBA players voted in favor of resuming the playoffs after boycotting playoff games last week. The players and league officials met with part of their discussions focused on formulating an action plan to address racial injustice issues. The NBA and players then announced a plan that includes a push for police accountability and voter registration, as well as support for the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act. Demanding societal change and ending racial injustice has been a major part of the NBA restart.

After a Long Lull, Protesting Becomes Popular Again in Baseball

Following the boycott by NBA players, players from several baseball teams opted to cede the floor to the larger social unrest gripping the country. Taking a stand, or a knee, or refusing to play because of racial injustice in Major League Baseball (MLB) - a sport saturated with tradition and unwritten rules of conduct where the majority of players, coaches, executives, and owners are white - is different than doing so in the NBA, WNBA or NFL, leagues where most of the players are Black. Over the decades, the number of Black players in MLB has dwindled to about 8%. Some of the walkouts in MLB were pulled off last minute, contentious, or inconsistent. Yet in several cases last week, there was evidence that the sport's white leaders and players were listening more.

Star Athletes Will Lead a Multimillion-Dollar Drive to Recruit Young Poll Workers

More Than a Vote, a group of athletes headlined by LeBron James, is launching a campaign to address poll worker shortage and the need to keep polling stations open in Black electoral districts. The project is a collaboration with the NAACP Legal Defense Fund and aims to recruit young people to serve at polling locations in Black communities in swing states, including Georgia, Michigan, Wisconsin, Florida, and Ohio. The effort will involve poll worker recruitment, a paid advertising campaign, and a corporate partnership program that will encourage employees to volunteer as poll workers. Election officials throughout the country have reported a shortage of poll workers to staff in-person voting sites amid the coronavirus pandemic.

Atlantic City Casinos Report $112 Million Loss

The coronavirus outbreak sent Atlantic City's casinos plunging to a $112 million second-quarter operating loss as the gambling houses remained closed for the entire 3-month period. That compares with an operating profit of nearly $160 million in the second quarter of last year. Only one of the 9 casinos - the Gold Nugget - reported an operating profit for the quarter, and that was helped by its internet gambling operation.

U.K. Soccer Star is Swiftly Convicted in Greece, but Case is Hardly Settled

Manchester United star Harry Maguire has claimed he thought he was being kidnapped by fake police in Mykonos and tried to run away "in fear for his life" after they hit him in the legs and told him he "won't play again." He was recently handed a 21-month suspended prison sentence following a brawl on the Greek island of Mykonos. Maguire has said that he is appealing the decision made against him a court on the Greek island of Syros and now faces a retrial. The English star insisted that he hadn't done anything wrong and didn't own an owe an apology to anybody after the Greek prosecutor called for one.

Soccer Official Evades Arrest by Afghan Forces for Assault

The powerful former chairman of Afghanistan's soccer federation, who faces criminal charges of sexual abuse of female players, eluded capture by Afghan Special Operations officers on Sunday, laying bare the tenuous reach of the national government. The unsuccessful police operation against the fugitive, Keramuddin Keram, took place in Panjshir Province, a predominately ethnic Tajik area that has long supported and protected Keram.


TikTok Sues United States Over Trump Ban

TikTok sued the U.S. government last week, accusing the Trump administration of depriving it of due process when the President used his emergency economic powers to issue an executive order that will block the app from operating in the country.

Facebook Plans to Sue Thais Over Order to Restrain Critic

Facebook is planning legal action against the government of Thailand for ordering the social media platform to partially shut down access to a group critical of the Thai monarchy. Facebook has complied with the request in the meantime, blocking users in Thailand from seeing posts from the group, Thai Royalist Marketplace, which has around one million users. The group's creator and critic of the monarchy who is living in self-imposed exile in Japan said that Facebook's decision to comply "is detrimental to both the right to freedom of expression and democracy in this region." In the U.S., Facebook and CEO Mark Zuckerberg have repeatedly attempted to position the company as a defender of free speech, but overseas it has typically been more deferential to autocratic governments. It has also been reported that Zuckerberg lobbied Trump and members of Congress to take action against rival TikTok on the grounds that it wasn't committed to free expression.

Nine Years Later, FBI Agent Who Protested Torture Gets to Tell Entire Story in Memoir

After a lawsuit and nine years later, the CIA has relented and W.W. Norton will republish former FBI counterterrorism agent Ali Soufan's book next month under the revised title The Black Banners (Declassified): How Torture Derailed the War on Terror After 9/11. It has restored sections and adds new details to the history of the U.S.'s early post-September 11th fight against Al Qaeda. In the interim, some of what Soufan sought to discuss has become public, including the 2014 declassification of a lengthy summary of a landmark Senate study about CIA torture.

Palin's Lawsuit For Defamation Can Go to Trial, Judge Rules

A federal judge said last week that there was enough evidence in Sarah Palin's defamation lawsuit against The New York Times Company to send it to a jury trial, a victory for the former vice-presidential candidate and governor. The suit centered on a Times editorial published in June 2017 under the headline "America's Lethal Politics". Palin claims that the editorial wrongly linked her to the 2011 mass shooting of Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords. The judge said there was "sufficient evidence to allow a rational finder of fact to find actual malice by clear and convincing evidence."

Ousted Host Alleges That TMZ Discriminated Against Her

A former employee of the gossip outlet TMZ and a related website filed a discrimination complaint last week with the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the California state Department of Fair Employment and Housing, saying that she was wrongfully fired after complaining about a misogynistic workplace under the leadership of Harvey Levin. The former employee said she faced discrimination and was threatened with a lawsuit if she went public with her case. She described the workplace as a "boys' club", a "bro-fest", and a "frat house" in which women were belittled and held to a higher standard than their male colleagues. A representative for TMZ and TooFab said in a statement that Zilio was fired from the company "because of multiple and documented incidents of plagiarism and inaccurate reporting" and the company went on to say that it would "vigorously" defend the decision to part ways with Zilio.

Challenge to Networks: Covering a Live Convention When Falsehoods Start Flying

The Republican Convention's third night happened amid an unusual confluence of major stories - a dangerous hurricane about to strike Louisiana, a Wisconsin city torn apart following a police shooting, and the sports world's forceful response. Republicans decided the show must go on and, for the most part, television networks followed. Throughout the convention coverage, there were hints that much was going on in the wider world. The inability to pivot aggressively and spend more time on other stories no doubt had much to do with each network having all of its top-level political talent on hand. Networks, after giving extensive coverage to the Democrats previously, are cognizant of being fair to the Republicans.

Social Media a Potent Tool for Bannon's Group

Since the arrest of his former senior political adviser Stephen K. Bannon, Trump has tried to distance himself from the nonprofit group that raised more than $25 million for the supposed purpose of building a wall along the border with Mexico. However, social media accounts on Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram are living documentation of just how hard the backers of the group, We Build the Wall, worked to demonstrate that they were not only were close to Trump and his family, but had been endorsed by them. The We Build the Wall organization ran a livestream of Trump's remarks and then sent out the recording over YouTube to try to make sure it was widely seen, promoting the video again via its social media accounts. Other conservative leaders and Trump supporters made visits to the construction site, with every stopover by a celebrity or elected official becoming another fund-raising opportunity.

Chief Executive of TikTok Says He Will Resign

TikTok has been under pressure from the Trump administration, and Kevin Mayer, the chief executive of the Chinese-owned video app, said last week that he was resigning after the company came under sustained pressure form the Trump administration over its ties to China.

Beijing Complicates Sale of TikTok

ByteDance has been ordered by President Trump to divest short video app TikTok in the United States amid security concerns over the personal data it handles. China's new rules around tech exports mean that ByteDance's sale of TikTok's U.S. operation could need Beijing's approval, a requirement that would complicate the forced and politically charged divestment.

As China Sets a Digital Dragnet, Hong Kong Dodges, and Weaves

Emboldened by a new law, Hong Kong security forces are turning to harsher tactics as they close a digital dragnet on activists and others, including unlocking phones to obtain passwords. Not accustomed to such pressures, Hong Kong lawmakers and activists, and the American companies that own the most popular internet services there, have struggled to respond. Pro-democracy politicians have issued instructions to supporters on how to secure digital devices. Dogged by the global reach of the law, even people from Hong Kong living far away from the city worry.

General News

Census Facing Severe Doubts Over Accuracy

The 2020 census is in its final stage, but there are still 38 million households uncounted and state and local officials are raising growing concerns that many poor and minority households will be left out. More than one in three people hired as census takers have quit or failed to show up. Officials project optimism, but a chorus of experts says that the pandemic and politics could lead to a deeply flawed count. COVID-19 and rising mistrust of the government on the part of hard-to-reach groups, like immigrants and Latinos, already had made this census challenging. Another issue has also upended it: An order last month to finish the count one month early, guaranteeing that population figures will be delivered to the White House while Trump is still in office.

Trump Nominated as G.O.P. Delivers Ominous Message

President Trump was trying to rewrite history and enlist front-line Covid workers to the cause. The strain showed. There was a focus on grievance instead of uplift. Trump spent his time recasting his history on the virus, race, and his record. Trump and his political allies mounted a fierce and misleading defense of his political record on the first night of the Republican Convention while unleashing a barrage of attacks on Joseph R. Biden Jr. and the Democratic Party that were unrelenting in their bleakness.

G.O.P. Offers No New Platform for 2020, Aside from Enthusiastic Support of Trump

The Republican National Committee issued a resolution stating that due to constraints on the size of this year's Republican National Convention, it will not be adopting a new party platform, leaving in place the one from 2016. The resolution says that the platform committee would have agreed to continue supporting President Trump and his administration, but did not want to have a small group draft a new platform for the party.

Federal Reserve Chair Paves Way for a Period of Lower Rates

Federal Reserve Chair has unveiled a new approach to setting U.S. monetary policy, letting inflation and employment run higher in a shift that will likely keep interest rates low for years to come. Powell said last week that the Federal Reserve will seek inflation that averages 2% over time, a step that implies allowing for price pressures to overshoot after periods of weakness. It also adjusted its view of full employment to permit labor-market gains to reach more workers.

Wisconsin City Erupts After a Police Shooting and U.S. Investigates As Kenosha Boils

The scene of a white police officer shooting a Black man continues to occur with devasting frequency in the U.S. In Kenosha, Wisconsin, another Black man, Jacob Blake, was shot seven times in the back. The city has since erupted in protests over the police shooting. Kenosha, a city of 100,000 that a generation ago was a car-making powerhouse, is the latest place where a police shooting left residents reeling. The shooting, which was captured in a brief but searing video by a neighbor, drew immediate condemnation from Wisconsing Governor Tony Evers. The shooting instantly became a rallying cry for demonstrators in cities like Portland, Madison, and Chicago, and a topic in the presidential race, where Wisconsin is a crucial battleground. The Justice Department announced a civil rights investigation as new details emerged in the case.

White House Serves as Campaign Prop, Breaking a Tradition

In a video shown at the Republican National Convention, President Trump and acting head of Homeland Security Chad Wolf welcomed five immigrants through a naturalization ceremony. The ceremonies are typically momentous and celebrated with family and close friends. However, this one shocked government ethics experts, who said its use as part of a partisan political convention violated the Hatch Act. The federal law restricts federal employees from participating in certain political activities to safeguard federal programs from election and partisan influences.

White House Dismisses Suggestions that Events Broke Corruption Law

The Trump administration has pushed back against widespread criticism that its staging and filming of events at the White House used as programming for the Republican Convention was illegal - dismissing arguments that it had violated the Hatch Act, a law intended to prevent the use of public power for private political gain. During the convention, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo gave a speech from Jerusalem, in an apparent violation of separate State Department rules, and the first lady delivered a speech from the Rose Garden. Trump's chief of staff suggested that the Hatch Act was outdated. The White House put forward a legal theory for why the two ceremonies were not Hatch Act violations, saying its role in staging them and posting videos of them on YouTube was an official act unrelated to the campaign's decision to then use the publicly available material for political purposes. Yet a range of legal and ethics experts agreed that the administration was blowing through the spirit of the Hatch Act.

One Million More People File Claims Seeking Jobless Benefits

Just over one million people filed for jobless claims, a dip of 98,000 from the previous week, according to data released by the Labor Department. Claims have largely plateaued in the last several weeks after steadily declining from a peak of nearly 7 million in March. The figures are unprecedented.

Postal Chief, in Heated Exchange with House Panel, Defends Changes

Postmaster General Louis DeJoy faced a barrage of sharp attacks last week from House Democrats, who criticized DeJoy's actions and questioned his motivations since taking n his role leading the U.S. Postal Service in June. He defended his performance, downplaying the changes he made, and saying he was focused on stopping the Postal Service's money-losing ways. DeJoy faced pointed questions along with attacks over his role as a finance official in the Republican National Committee and a major donor to Trump, who has repeatedly attacked mail-in voting.

Trump Keeps Trumpeting Drug Order No One Has Seen

The president's campaign has made his efforts to lower prescription drug prices a centerpiece of his re-election pitch, but the executive order remains unseen. Trump has made his executive order tying prescription drug prices in the U.S. to the prices paid in Europe and other developed nations, yet no such executive order has been released. Trump has boasted of his efforts in campaign advertising, on the official White House website, and on Twitter. A White House spokesman declined to comment on the missing order. The directive, which Trump refers to as a "favored nations clause," was one of four executive orders announced at the signing ceremony on July 24th.

New York Seeks an Order for Eric Trump to Testify

The New York State attorney general's office has stepped up its inquiry into whether President Trump and the Trump organization committed fraud by overstating assets to get loans and tax benefits, asking a judge to order Eric Trump to answer questions under oath and the company to hand over documents. Eric, who is Trump's son and an executive vice president of the company, abruptly canceled an interview with the attorney general's office last month, and last week the Trump Organization told the office that the company and its lawyers would not comply with 7 subpoenas related to the investigation. The investigation began back in March of 2019 after Trump's former personal lawyer, Michael D. Cohen, told Congress that the president had inflated his assets in financial statements.

Evictions Are Looming as Shields Near End

For tenants, especially those with limited means, having a lawyer can be the difference between being evicted or being able to stay on in a rented home. Yet legal representation for tenants is relatively rare in housing courts. Landlords are represented by lawyers at least 80% of the time, while tenants tend to have lawyers in fewer than 10% of cases. This unlevel playing field is about to come into sharper focus in the months ahead, now that the 4-month pause on evictions provided by the CARES Act, followed by a 30-day notice period that ends on Monday, is coming to an end. The moratorium had provided protection to about 12 million tenants living in qualifying properties. Additionally, local moratoriums in some states had protected renters in homes not covered by the federal law. "Tenants are not equipped to represent themselves, and eviction court places them on an uneven playing field that allows landlords to run roughshod over their rights." Demand for legal assistance with housing issues is on the rise in states where local moratoriums for rentals not covered by the CARES Act have already ended.

Immigration Agency Avoids Furloughs for Thousands, but Forces Steep Cuts

Plunging revenue from immigration fees nearly forced U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to furlough more than two-thirds of its work force. Now cuts will come from its operations. The federal agency that oversees legal immigration canceled furloughs to 70% of its work force last week, shifting the cost savings to other parts of the agency's operations, such as the processing of citizenship applications. The planned furlough would have brought the immigration system to a near halt. However, allowing the thousands of immigration officers to continue working will come at a cost. Officials asked Congress back in May for an emergency infusion of $1.2 billion, but some USCIS employees and members of Congress said that it was Trump's increased vetting of applications, travel restrictions, and other measures used to deter potential immigrants that have diminished fee revenue. Both Democrats and Republicans also criticized the administration for not providing enough information about the emergency request, leaving thousands of immigration officers questioning for weeks whether they would still be on the payroll of the agency.

Navajo Nation Says Execution Would Violate Its Sovereignty

The Justice Department executed the only Native American man on federal death row, despite urgent pleas from more than a dozen tribes to respect Navajo culture and spare his life. The inmate faced the death penalty for his part in the 2001 murder of a Navajo woman, Alyce Slim, and her 9-year-old granddaughter, Tiffany Lee. His execution is the first time that a Native American man has been put to death by the federal government for a crime committed against another Native American on a reservation. Tribal activists have argued that this case exemplifies the fraught relationship between tribes and federal law enforcement, which often disregards protections for tribal sovereignty.

House Panel Plans to Hold Pompeo in Contempt of Congress for Eluding Subpoenas

The House Foreign Affairs Committee announced that it would move to hold Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in contempt of Congress for defying its subpoenas related to the State Department's participation in Senate Republican's investigation targeting the Bidens. The move amounts to a rare and stinging rebuke of the nation's top diplomat, who has drawn criticism for flouting norms of diplomatic custom in pursuit of Trump's political interests in his own ambitions. The chairman sought records from Pompeo, but was told that receiving the records was contingent upon his committee agreeing to investigate the Bidens. A spokesman for the State Department called the announcement "political theatrics and an unfortunate waste of taxpayer resources."

Looking Back to 1963, and Ahead to November

Thousands gathered for a protest last Friday aiming to recall the March on Washington and Martin Luther King Jr.'s (MLK) "I Have a Dream" speech. Hours after Trump stood on the South Law of the White House to rail against what he called agitators bent on destroying "the American way of life", thousands of Americans streamed to the Lincoln Memorial, not a mile away, to deliver what seemed to be a direct reply. The march was devised in part to build on the passion for racial justice that MLK summoned when he delivered his famous address on that same spot 57 years ago. Civil rights advocates and Black ministers often cast Trump as the prime obstacle to their goal, and voting to remove him as the first step toward a solution. With the march coming just after the conclusion of the Republican National Convention, the two events presented starkly different accounts of the state of the country in a summer marked by widespread protests of police officers killing Black people and a pandemic that has taken about 181,000 lives and cost millions of jobs. King's March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom drew an audience of a 250,000 in 1963. The Commitment March last week did not approach that number, in part because the city is requiring quarantines for visitors from 27 states. Much of the event was streamed live on the internet or broadcast. Attendees were screened for fever, required to wear masks, and were told to stay apart to reduce the risk of coronavirus infection.

Intelligence Officials Stop In-Person Briefings on Election for Congress

The Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) has informed the House and Senate Select Committees on Intelligence that it will no longer be briefing in-person on election security issues. Instead, ODNI will primarily provide written updates to the congressional panels. Other agencies supporting election security, including the Department of Justice, Department of Defense, and Department of Homeland Security, intend to continue briefing Congress. The abrupt announcement is a change that runs counter to the pledge of transparency and regular briefings on election threats by the intelligence community.

Intelligence Officials Call Mail-In Voting Secure

The FBI says that it has no evidence of any coordinated fraud schemes related to voting by mail this year, undercutting repeated claims by Trump and his camp about what they've called security problems. That disclosure was made in an election security briefing for reporters last week by high-ranking officials from the Department of Homeland Security, the FBI and ODNI.

Ancestry Says Holocaust Records Will be Free

Steven Spielberg's U.S.C. Shoah Foundation has partnered with the genealogy giant Ancestry to digitize about 50,000 records, adding to a free searchable database in Ancestry's Holocaust archive. The partnership, along with an additional 9 million records from the Arolsen Archives in Germany that Ancestry digitized this year to add to its site, nearly doubles the size of its Holocaust archives. A recent glitch during a soft launch trial run left some survivors and their family members, already uncomfortable about having so much sensitive information public, wondering just what is free and what isn't. Ancestry said it is working to "simplify" the experience so that "there is no possible confusion about the free availability of these two collection." Some survivor families feel betrayed by Shoah's move to add their family histories to a public website without consulting them, given the psychology of victimhood and trauma of the Holocaust's legacy.

A Race to Evacuate, Facing a Storm Surge Called 'Unsurvivable'

A 100-mile stretch from Texas to Louisiana is facing an "unsurvivable storm surge" as Hurricane Laura hurdled towards land form the Gulf of Mexico. It was forcasted that the surge could penetrate up to 30 miles inland from the immediate coastline, bringing dangerous gusts and flash flooding with it. Emergency evacuation orders were in effect for half a million people who live in regions of Texas and Louisiana and includes some the poorest counties in the nation.

Insurer Won't Keep Lawyer Who Helped Whistle-Blower

Mark S. Zaid, the lawyer for the government whistle-blower whose concerns about Trump's dealings with Ukraine sparked impeachment proceedings, has been dropped by his malpractice insurer because his underwriter said it had no "appetite" for his "high-profile" work. The insurer, Hanover Insurance Group, declined Zaid's request to reverse course. A Hanover senior compliance consultant said that the insurer discovered his whistle-blower practice when it reviewed the attorney's website, and that such an area of law was "ineligible" for coverage. Zaid disputed that, saying he was asked about - and discussed - his whistle-blower practice when he was applying for insurance coverage.

Iran to Open Nuclear Sites to Inspection By the United Nations

Iran has agreed to let United Nations (UN) inspectors into two previously blocked nuclear sites, reversing itself during an international feud over its nuclear program that has divided world powers and increasingly isolated the United States. The reversal comes amid a UN Security Council split over whether to restore international sanctions against Iran's economy - and demolish a 2015 accord that limits its nuclear program. In a joint statement, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Iran said they had reached a good-faith agreement for the inspections to verify that Tehran's nuclear program remained peaceful. Just two months ago, the IAEA had accused Iran of hiding suspected nuclear activity after inspectors were refused access in 2 unidentified locations.

Africa Cheers As Wild Polio is Eradicated

The independent Africa Regional Certification Commission for Polio Eradication last week officially declared the World Health Organization African Region to be free of wild polio virus.

Germany Calls for Inquiry as Doctors Say Putin Critic Was Poisoned

Tests indicate that Alexei Navalny was the victim of a poisoning and he is being treated with atropine, the same antidote used after the 2018 nerve agent attack in Salisbury, according to the German clinic where the Kremlin critic is a patient. Berlin's Charité hospital did not identify the specific poison responsible for Navalny's sudden illness. The statement was the first medical corroboration of a poisoning attack on Navalny and marked him as likely the latest Kremlin opponent to face an attempt on his life. A hospital in the Russian city of Omsk had previously denied that Navalny had been poisoned. Supporters said doctors there were under government pressure to cover up any evidence of an attack against the opposition critic. International leaders have voiced concern over the Russian opposition critic's health and confirmation of his poisoning will likely prompt a wave of condemnation of the Kremlin.


Stung by Trump, U.S. Food and Drug Administration Authorizes Plasma Therapy

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was accused of "Deep State" delay tied to the election. The move came on the eve of the Republican Convention and after Trump pressed it to move faster to address the pandemic. The FDA gave emergency approval for expanded use of antibody-rich blood plasma to help hospitalized coronavirus patients, allowing Trump to claim progress on the eve of the convention. The decision will broaden use of a treatment that has already been administered to more than 70,000 patients. However, the FDA cited benefits for only some patients, and, unlike a new drug, plasma cannot be manufactured in millions of doses; its availability is limited by blood donations.

FDA 'Grossly Misrepresented' Data on Plasma Therapy, Scientists Say

The scientific community is distancing itself from the Trump administration's claim that convalescent blood plasma curtails COVID-19 deaths by 35%. The president, along with the heads of FDA and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), cited the statistic as they announced emergency authorization of the treatment. Several statisticians and scientists criticized what they said was a gross overstatement of the benefits, with some calling for him to walk back his comments.

Two Are Ousted After FDA Overstates Plasma Data

The agency's chief spokeswoman, Emily Miller, was removed from her position just 11 days into the job and the contract was terminated of a consultant who had advised her to correct misleading claims about plasma's benefits. The ousting was an urgent bid to restore the tarnished credibility of the agency after erroneous claims that overstated the benefits of plasma treatment for Covid-19 were made during a news conference with Trump. The removals come at a moment when the FDA, which will be making critical decisions about whether to approve coronavirus vaccines and treatments, is struggling to salvage its reputations as a neutral scientific arbiter.

Virus Aid to Hospitals Rested on Compliance With Private Company

The HHS told hospitals in April that reporting to the vendor, TeleTracking Technologies, was a "prerequisite to payment". The Trump administration tied billions of dollars in badly needed coronavirus medical funding this spring to hospitals' cooperation with a private vendor collecting data for a new Covid-19 database that bypassed the CDC. The highly unusual demand, aimed at hospitals in coronavirus hot spots using funds passed by Congress with no preconditions, alarmed some hospital administrators and even some federal health officials.

Battling Heat and the Virus at the Harvest

Climate change is adding on the hazards already faced by some of the country's poorest, most neglected laborers. So far this year, more than 7,000 fires have scorched 1.4 million acres, and there is no reprieve in sight, officials warned. In the valley is where the smoke gets stuck when the wind blows it in form the north and south. Still hundreds of thousands of men and women continue to pluck, weed, and pack produce for the nation here, as temperatures soar into the triple digits for days at a time and the air turns to a soup of dust and smoke, stirred with pollution.

No Symptoms? Don't Test, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Says

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention quietly modified its coronavirus testing guidelines this week to exclude people who do not have symptoms of COVID-19 - even if they have been recently exposed to the virus. Experts questioned the revision, pointing to the importance of identifying infections in the small window immediately before the onset of symptoms, when many individuals appear to be most contagious. Models suggest that about half of transmission events can be traced back to individuals still in this so-called pre-symptomatic stage, before they start to feel ill - if they ever feel sick at all.

'Clarification' From CDC on Who Needs a Test Adds to the Confusion

After saying that those exposed to the virus need not get tested, the agency's director clarified that "testing may be considered" for those people. In seeking to clarify, he said that "testing may be considered for all close contacts of confirmed or probable Covid-19 patients." Yet his clarification may have further confused the issue. Administration officials said that "not necessarily" needing a test was consistent with "may be considered" for one. However, experts said the shift in language was leaving patients, doctors, and state and local public health officials - who rely on the CDC for guidance - perplexed.

U.S. Connects Health Funds to Virus Data

The Trump administration threatened hospitals last week with revoking their Medicare and Medicaid funding if they did not report coronavirus patient data and test results to HHS. The threat was included in new emergency rules, announced by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, that make mandatory what has until now been a voluntary reporting program. The centers' administrator said the changes "represent a dramatic acceleration of our efforts to track and control the spread of Covid-19."

New Clue on Why Men are Hit Harder

Women produce a more powerful immune response than do men, a new study finds. The coronavirus may infect anyone, young or old, but older men are up to twice as likely to become severly sick and to die as women of the same age. The first study to look at immune response to the coronavirus by sex has turned up a clue: Men produce a weaker immune response to the virus than do women, the researchers concluded. The findings suggest that men, particularly those over age 60, may need to depend more on vaccines to protect against the infection.

The Return to Campus Has Created Clusters From Coast to Coast

As college students and professors return to campus, coronavirus cases are turning up by the thousands.

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